Thirty-three amendments to the United States Constitution have been proposed by the United States Congress and sent to the states for ratification since the Constitution was put into operation on March 4, 1789. Twenty-seven of these, having been ratified by the requisite number of states, are part of the Constitution. The first ten amendments were adopted and ratified simultaneously and are ...
The 14th Amendment to the US Constitution was passed by Congress on June 13, 1866 during Reconstruction. Along with the 13th amendment and the 15th amendment, it is one of the three Reconstruction amendments. Section 2 of the 14th amendment modified Aritcle I, section 2 of the US Constitution.
The Fourteenth Amendment addresses many aspects of citizenship and the rights of citizens. The most commonly used -- and frequently litigated -- phrase in the amendment is "equal protection of the laws", which figures prominently in a wide variety of landmark cases, including Brown v. Board of Education (racial discrimination), Roe v. Wade (reproductive rights), Bush v.
The states could effectively overwrite the amendments with their own laws. This particular clause in the Fourteenth Amendment put an end to any ambiguity regarding the status of the amendments: all amendments apply to all Americans and cannot be revoked by state laws.
The Reconstruction Congress passed several laws along these lines; however, the Supreme Court struck down some of them, reading the Fourteenth Amendment as only reaching actions by state governments. These Supreme Court decisions—including the infamous 1883 Civil Rights Cases—were inconsistent with the Fourteenth Amendment’s text and history.
14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Primary Documents in American History. Ratified in 1868, the 14th Amendment granted citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States." This guide provides access to digital collections, websites, and print materials related to the amendment.
The 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution declares citizenship to all people that are either born in or nationalized in the United States. The 14th Amendment also ensures that all citizens receive equal protection under the law. The 14th Amendment became part of the U.S. Constitution on July 9, 1868. It is composed of five sections.
The Constitution is presented in several ways on this site. This page presents the Constitution on one large HTML-enhanced page. Other pages present the Constitution as a series of individual pages, in plain text, in standard Palm DOC format, and in enhanced TealDoc format.A quick reference is also available, as are photos of the Constitution.The Constitution of China is available for comparison.